A New Kind of Magnetism – The Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction
Vincent Sokalski, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University
Magnetism has had a profound effect on our everyday lives from compass needles in ancient times to the modern hard disc drive in today’s computers. The existence of magnetic materials is rooted in the Heisenberg exchange interaction energy, , which favors parallel (or anti-parallel) alignment of neighboring spin vectors and their associated magnetic dipole moments as found, for example, in Fe, Ni, and Co. In the past decade a different type of magnetic exchange came to the forefront of modern physics called the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction (DMI) given by , which instead favors an orthogonal alignment. The combination of these two effects leads to exotic magnetic configurations characterized by a chiral winding texture of the internal magnetization; a type of order very different than that found in a conventional ferromagnet. In this presentation, I will introduce the most important concepts in chiral magnetism including topologically protected magnetic features like skyrmions and domain walls, which can be manipulated by electric current with unprecedented efficiency. I will present the magnetic imaging techniques (Kerr microscopy and Lorentz TEM) we use to characterize this interaction and discuss how ultrathin magnetic films can be engineered to enhance it with interfacial effects. I hope to convince you that that the discovery and development of new materials that leverage chiral magnetism is promising for the design of future magnetic memory and spintronic devices.
Professor Sokalski obtained his B.S. in Materials Science & Engineering from the University of Pittsburgh in 2007 followed by M.S. and Ph.D degrees from Carnegie Mellon University in 2009 and 2011 also in Materials Science & Engineering. He spent two years as a postdoctoral fellow in the Electrical and Computer Engineering department at CMU working on spin devices for low-power memory and electronics. He joined the faculty at Carnegie Mellon University in September of 2013 where his research is focused on emerging phenomena in nanoscale magnetic and spintronic materials. He is currently chair of the Pittsburgh chapter of the IEEE magnetics society.
host: Jesse Berezovsky