Optics of materials with Dirac and Weyl fermions
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University
Relativistic Dirac and Weyl fermions were extensively studied in quantum field theory. Recently they emerged in the non-relativistic condensed-matter setting as gapless quasiparticle states in some types of crystals. Notable examples of 2D systems include graphene and surface states in topological insulators such as Bi2Se3. Their 3D implementation is Dirac and Weyl semimetals. Most of the research has been focused on their topological properties and electron transport. However, their optical properties are no less exciting. Optical phenomena provide valuable insight into the fascinating physics of these materials. Optical spectroscopy can provide a cleaner and more straightforward way of studying topological properties of electron states as compared to transport measurements. Moreover, unusual optical properties of these materials can be utilized in future optoelectronic devices. I will discuss several examples illustrating these points. They include (1) extreme anisotropy and the optical Hall effect for polariton modes in Weyl semimetals, (2) magneto-optics of Weyl semimetals and the optical detection of chiral anomaly, and (3) the non-local nonlinear optical response of graphene.
Host: Walter Lambrecht