Xuan Gao

Ohio Eminent Scholar and Professor of Physics


Rockefeller Building 104C

Other Information

Degree: B.S., South China University of Technology (1998)
Ph.D., Columbia University (2003)


Experimental condensed matter physics; Nanoscale electronic transport; Two-dimensional electrons in semiconductor, oxide hetero-interfaces or graphene-like atomically thin crystals; Topological insulators; Electron correlation effects in transport; Thermoelectric and photovoltaic energy conversion; Nano-electronics and sensors.

Gao Research Group


Our lab focuses on the understanding and exploration of how quantum nature of matter, low dimensionality, confinement, electronic structure topology, symmetry, and electron-electron correlation effects etc give rise to new electrical, thermal, magnetic and optical phenomena or properties in nanoscale/low-dimensional solid state systems. The material systems we study span semiconductors, semimetals, oxides, and even organic compounds, often in the form of nanostructures. The techniques we use in research include but not limited to vapor deposition growth of materials, nano-device fabrication, electron transport, magneto-transport, capacitance spectroscopy, thermal transport, scanning photoconductivity microscopy characterizations, and various composition/ structural analysis methods. We are also interested in applying our results to real life applications (e.g. electronics, optoelectronics, energy conversion/harvesting).

We are looking for talented and motivated students (both undergraduates and graduates) and postdocs to help solve important issues in condensed matter physics and nanoscience. If you are interested in current research opportunities in Gao’s group, please contact Prof. Xuan Gao.


C.-W. Liu, F. Wei, Kasun Premasiri, S.H. Liu, S. Ma, Z.D. Zhang, X. P. A. Gao, “Non-Drude Magneto-Transport Behavior in a Topological Crystalline Insulator/Band Insulator Heterostructure”, Nano Letters 18 (10), 6538–6543 (2018).

F. Wei, C.-W. Liu, D. Li, C.-Y. Wang, H.-R. Zhang, J.-R. Sun, X. P. A. Gao, S. Ma, Z. D. Zhang, “Broken mirror symmetry tuned topological transport in PbTe/SnTe heterostructures“, Phys. Rev. B 98, 161301(R) (2018).

K. Premasiri, S. K. Radha, S. Sucharitakul, U. R. Kumar, R. Sankar, F.-C. Chou, Y.-T. Chen, X. P. A. Gao, “Tuning Rashba Spin-Orbit Coupling in Gated Multi-layer InSe”, Nano Letters 18, 4403-4408 (2018).

N. J. Goble, R. Akrobetu, S. Sucharitakul, H. Zaid, M.H. Berger, A. Sehirlioglu, X. P. A. Gao, “Anisotropic electrical resistance in mesoscopic LaAlO3/SrTiO3 devices with individual domain walls.” Scientific Reports 7, 44361 (2017).

S.H. Liu, L.L. Wang, W.-C. Lin, S. Sucharitakul, C. Burda, X. P. A. Gao, “Imaging the long transport lengths of photo-generated carriers in oriented halide perovskite films”, Nano Letters 16, 7925 -7929 (2016).

S. Sucharitakul, N. J. Goble, U. R. Kumar, R. Sankar, Z. A. Bogorad, F. C. Chou, Y.T. Chen, X. P. A. Gao, “Intrinsic Electron Mobility Exceeding 1000 cm2/(Vs) in Multilayer InSe FETs”, Nano Letters, 15 (6), 3815-3819 (2015).

T. Q. Ngo, N. J. Goble, A. Posadas, K. J. Kormondy, S. Lu, M. D. McDaniel, D. J. Smith, X. P. A. Gao, A. A. Demkov, and J. G. Ekerdt,”Quasi-two-dimensional Electron Gas at the Interface of gamma-Al2O3/SrTiO3 Heterostructures Grown by Atomic Layer Deposition”, Journal of Applied Physics, 118, 115303 (2015).

N.J. Goble, J.D. Watson, M.J. Manfra and X. P.A. Gao, “Impact of short range scattering on the 2D metallic transport in a correlated 2D Hole System”, Physical Review B, 90, 035310 (2014).

Z.H. Wang, R. L.J. Qiu, C.H. Lee, Z.D. Zhang, X. P.A. Gao, “Ambipolar Surface Conduction in Ternary Topological Insulator Bi2(Te1-xSex)3 Nanoribbons”, ACS Nano 7, 2126-2131 (2013).

Y. Tian, M. R. Sakr, J. M. Kinder, D. Liang, R. L.J. Qiu, M. J. MacDonald, H.-J. Gao and X. P.A. Gao, “One-dimensional quantum confinement modulated thermoelectric properties in InAs nanowires”, Nano Letters 12, 6492-6497 (2012).

R. L.J. Qiu, X. P.A. Gao, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. W. West, “Connecting the reentrant insulating phase and the zero field metal-insulator transition in a 2D hole system”, Physical Review Letters 108, 106404 (2012).

D. Liang, X. P.A. Gao, “Strong tuning of spin orbit interaction in an InAs nanowire by surrounding gate”, Nano Letters12 (6), 3263-3267 (2012).

H. Tang, D. Liang, R. L.J. Qiu and X. P.A. Gao, “Two-Dimensional Transport Induced Linear Magneto-Resistance in Topological Insulator Bi2Se3 Nanoribbons”, ACS Nano 5, 7510-7516 (2011)

B. Spivak, S. V. Kravchenko, S. A. Kivelson, and X. P. A. Gao, “Transport in Strongly Correlated Two-Dimensional Electron Fluids”, Reviews of Modern Physics 82, 1743 (2010).

X. P. A. Gao, G.F. Zheng and C.M. Lieber, “Subthreshold Regime has the Optimal Sensitivity for Nanowire FET Biosensors”, Nano Letters 10, 547 (2010).

J. Du, D. Liang, H. Tang and X.P.A. Gao, “InAs Nanowire Transistor as Gas Sensor and the Response Mechanism”,Nano Letters 9, 4348 (2009).